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Was this train at the Lviv station? Fake news!
04.03.2022 godz. 13:52
Station seen in the video is located in Kharkiv.
- Video posted on Facebook supposedly shows a situation at the Lviv train station.
- Our analysis proves that the video was shot in Kharkiv, several hundred kilometers away from Lviv.
Since the start of the Russian aggression against Ukraine, thousands of refugees have been heading towards the Polish border. According to the Border Guard data, approximately 100,000 people crossed the border into Poland on February 28th alone.
Around that time, videos showing refugees fleeing Ukrainian cities were rapidly gaining popularity on social media. One of those, published on February 27th, shows a man standing in the doorway of a train station in Lviv.
The caption of the post: „Muslim man blocks the entrance with a knife only for his own kind … Lviv location. Such refugees are currently being granted entry at Polish-Ukrainian border crossings …they are supposed to officially be medical students, etc … wtf”.
Within a few days, the post was shared several thousand times. The post sparked a debate about the admission of people to Poland, not only those of Ukrainian nationality: „They changed direction, no longer through Belarus but through Ukraine, they started to pass freely, and they will host them here, they found a way, or maybe it was done on purpose”; „They rather do not look like students, they should be immediately turned back at the border …”; „In a moment it will turn out that the video is from a few years ago and from a completely different place … No source of information and specifics = fakews!”; „but how does he block, if he lets them in? In the video, every second someone gets on and passes him by”.
The train station seen in the video is not in Lviv, but in Kharkiv
From the post’s description, we see that the footage was supposed to have been taken in Lviv. However, thanks to the diligent work of our OSINT (Open-source Intelligence) analysts, we have proven that it is in fact a train station in Kharkiv.
In the video, you can see columns visible on the platform. In photos taken at the Lviv train station, this type of support is nowhere to be seen.
To confirm that, here is a photo of the station itself:
Same video was also posted on Twitter
According to the description of the tweet, the situation allegedly took place on a train going from Kharkiv to Kiev. With the help of a professional translator, we were able to determine that the man standing in the doorway was saying: „Everyone get on the train! Girls first! Patience, you will also get in (addressing a man in the cap – note by Demagog). Get on, just get on!”.
Then, on February 28th, a video recorded by the man seen in the posted footage appeared on Twitter. Translating the dialogue, we learned that the man was describing the plight of Moroccans in Ukraine.
As he stated, he decided to act after he heard a story that some passengers would not allow Moroccan women to get on the train. He explains in the video that he didn’t harm or hit anyone, and he did it all to scare people away and allow the women to get on the train.
Let us point out, however, that this is a situation described only from his point of view. The incident shown in the video is presented in a chaotic manner. It is difficult, based solely on a video of several seconds, to determine what really happened at the scene.
It is worth noting that Lviv is about 82 km from the border crossing at Medyka-Szeginie, while Kharkiv is situated 1,055 km from that same crossing.
Polish border guards check every person trying to enter Poland
The situation related to an increased number of refugees trying to cross the Polish-Ukrainian border has not caused the Border Guard to suspend any of its duties.
As emphasized in an interview with Demagog, Lieutenant Colonel of Border Guard Piotr Zakielarz, spokesman for the commander of the Bieszczady Division of Border Guard, the clearance process is carried out as quickly as possible, but also as safely as possible.
On average, proceedings at the border last a few minutes, but for some people, the Border Guard performs additional checks– precisely for security reasons.
We described in detail the situation on the border in our analysis: „What do we know about refugee situation on the Polish-Ukrainian border?”.
Foreign students are also trying to get out of Ukraine
You can read about the situation on the Polish-Ukrainian border in one of our analyses. We describe, among other things, the circumstances of people with darker skin trying to leave Ukraine.
As we can see on the website of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2020 there were over 76.5 thousand students from abroad studying in Ukraine. Most of them came from India, Morocco, and Turkmenistan, but people from Nigeria or Egypt also chose Ukraine to study.
Among the most popular universities for foreign students, two most famous higher education facilities are universities in Kharkiv: V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University and Kharkiv National Medical University.
The footage, allegedly showing the train station in Lviv, was taken in Kharkiv. Every day, tens of thousands of refugees cross the Polish-Ukrainian border. All of them are under supervision of Border Guard officers. Non-Ukrainian citizens can cross the border as well, including foreign students.
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